The treatment of periodontal disease is aimed at eliminating infection and inflammation, and in turn creating a healthy periodontium. Non-surgical therapy very often may be sufficient to treat this disease.
However, if non-surgical periodontal therapy does not achieve periodontal health, surgery may be recommended to restore periodontal anatomy damaged by periodontal diseases, and to facilitate oral hygiene practices.
Reasons for Pocket Reduction Surgery
- When periodontal probing depths are seriously deep, non-surgical treatment may not be effective to reestablish health. Surgical access will allow for efficient and thorough treatment to establish a healthy oral environment that’s easier to maintain for the patient and dentist.
- Reducing pocket depth and eliminating existing bacteria are essential to prevent damage caused by the progression of periodontal disease, and to halt bone loss.
- Surgical treatment provides an opportunity to reconstruct destroyed periodontal tissues (including bone).
To sustain periodontal health, the majority of patients will require ongoing maintenance therapy after the surgery. The goal of maintenance therapy is to prevent the reappearance and advancement of periodontal disease.